Understanding Rates & Charges

What are rates?

Rates are an important source of ongoing income for the City. Rate incomes is used to provide essential infrastructure and services for the community.

All landowners are required to pay rates unless an exemption applies. The Local Government Act 1993 sets out the criteria to be applied to determine whether an exemption should apply. Parcels of land exempt from rates may include land that is owned and occupied for religious, charitable or school purposes.

Your rate notice may show up to 5 types of levies and charges.

Categorisation of land

Council has determined the category of your property as either residential or business based on its dominant use. It the responsibility of landowners to advise Council if there is a change to the use of their property.

Ordinary rates

Rates are calculated from property valuations supplied by the NSW Valuer General. There are 2 main categories of land within our area, residential and business. Within the business category there are ten sub-categories: Business A, Business B, Business C, Business AMS, Business BMS, Business BIA, Business BIA (B), Business BIA NTH, Business BIA NTH (B), Business PB.

Special rates

There are two types of special rates applied in the City of Botany Bay.

A special parking rate (Mascot Shopping Centre Parking Rate) is levied on all land defined in the Government Gazette dated 7 January 1983 plus Lot 1, DP 34351 and Part Lot D in DP 62562 and excluding Lot 10, DP858424 for the provision of off street parking within the Mascot Shopping Centre Area. 

A special Mascot Main Street Rate is levied on all land defined in the Mascot Shopping Centre Parking Rate for the provision of services to the Mascot Shopping Centre Area.

Stormwater charge

All landowners are required to pay a 'Stormwater Management Service Charge', which contributes to the cost of providing new or additional stormwater services.

Domestic Waste Management services charge

Residential property owners pay a Domestic Waste Management availability charge to cover the cost of waste services, including clean-ups and recycling.


When do I pay my property rates and charges?

A fully itemised bill is sent by mail once or four times a year depending on whether you have elected to pay by quarterly instalment. Notices are posted 30 days before each payment is due. If you wish to pay your rates in full, payment should be received by 31 August otherwise payments are due as follows:

  • 31 August – 1st quarterly rates instalment
  • 30 November - 2nd quarterly rates instalment
  • 28 February – 3rd quarterly rates instalment
  • 31 May – 4th quarterly rates instalment

How are land values determined?

Land values are independently assessed at least every three years by the Valuer General of NSW.  The NSW Land & Property Information (LPI) manages the valuation system on behalf of the Valuer General. As the City's overall rates income is limited by rate pegging, a change in your land value does not necessarily mean a corresponding change in your rates. 

Valuations can be checked online – this service is free of charge to owners of properties. Details on how the assessments are done and how to get a new evaluation done or reviewed are available on the Valuer General of NSW website.

How can I change my postal address for rates notices?

We strongly encourage you to let Council know of change of address details within 14 days of the change. All notifications of changes in address must be made in person at the Mascot Administration Centre, in writing or via email. We can’t change your postal address over the phone. Please note that if there is a change in the ownership of your property, Council will be notified by the relevant state government agencies.

Late payments and interest charges

Rates not paid by the due date will incur interest charges. Interest is set by the NSW Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal and calculated on a daily basis. The current interest rate is shown on your rate notice.

Legal action may be taken to recover unpaid rates and charges. All costs associated with this recovery action will be charged to the ratepayer.

Financial difficulties

If you are having difficulty paying your rates on time, it is important that you contact our Rates Officers as soon as possible to discuss an agreed payment plan. If you are suffering severe financial difficulties you may be able to apply for a financial hardship determination.

Rates overpayment

If rates have been overpaid on a property, only the person who made the payment can apply for a refund.

Aggregation of land

Owners of units and apartments may have separate title over each ‘lot’ they own. This may include the residence itself and any associated car space or storage area. Rates are levied on each title. This will normally attract a minimum rate for each ‘lot’. You may be able to apply to have these ‘lots’ aggregated for rating purposes. A processing fee applies to applications for the aggregating of rates.

Council can only aggregate lot/s such as car spaces and storage areas if:

  • The ownership for each lot is exactly the same on the title
  • All lot/s are within the same strata scheme/plan
  • The additional lots are used by the owner/occupier in conjunction with the residence
  • The lot/s are not leased for out for private purposes