The First Australians
Like much of the Australian coastline, Botany Bay was home to a thriving Indigenous community prior to European settlement.
Although the lands near Botany Bay have been home to Indigenous Australians for at least 8,000 years, it is likely that Indigenous settlement of Botany Bay dates back much further. The Gadigal people were primarily fishermen who relied on the Bay and waterways for subsistence. Contemporary estimations of the Indigenous population of the region before European settlement vary from 1,200 to 5,000 people. It is also likely that Botany Bay was home to a regional market and meeting place, and that Indigenous people would come here to trade and meet with other peoples.